Letter Dated 30 October 1878, Kniewon-Samosten, Prussia

Liebe Berta,

You will not believe what happened!

Chancellor Bismarck closed our church! To think that you now have two churches there while we have none! Father Brill says Bismarck will force us all to become Protestant! What’s more, the chancellor has forbidden us to speak Polish or Kashubian. We must speak only German! Sister, you cannot imagine the awful changes we face since you left.

The storks have begun their migration south, warning us of the grim winter ahead. Already cold rains have started.

I truly miss you!

Dein Bruder,